||Establishment and Development|
Saudi post has evolved through two main phases. The first phase being the establishment of Saudi Arabia and the second the establishment of post by the late King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al-Saud.
Before King Abdul Aziz entered Riyadh in 1319H, some shop owners in Riyadh provided a volunteer postal service by placing white fabric bags at the Justice Square (Al-Safa). On each bag there was a name of a city or village. Senders used to put their letters in the appropriate bag and then these letters were sent on camels or donkeys to their destinations. Incoming mail was placed in designated places inside the shops and whoever had a letter had to come and collect it.
In Makkah Al-Mokarama and Jeddah, the mail used to be carried on camels and donkeys on journeys that took up to 14 hours. The post office consisted of a chief, his deputy, stamp seller, registered mail official and regular mail official who were operating the post office. The mail was being carried once or twice each month by camels to places like Laith, Jazan, Abha, Najran and other southern region cities. In Madinah, the mail used to be carried by camels to Jeddah. After the establishment of the railway between Madinah, Jeddah and Damascus, the mail used to be transported by train. Mail between Jeddah and Egypt used to be carried weekly by Italian, Egyptian and Indian ferry companies. The mail also used to be collected once a week between Jeddah and Port Sudan and once every twenty days to India.
After the unification of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the post witnessed significant developments that can be summarized as follows:
- Establishment of the Directorate of Postal Businesses in 1354H.
- Before 1373H the postal services were under the responsibility of Post, Telegraph and Telephone Department, and then the services were transferred to the Ministry of Transportation under the title of "Transportation Ministry Agency of Wire, Wireless and Postal Affaires".
- Saudi post has joined the Universal Postal Union in 1348 e. (1929).
- The first Saudi postal stamp was issued in 1334 e.
- Saudi Arabia is the second Arab country to issue regular and memorial postal stamps.
- Since 1390 e, Saudi Post has witnessed quantitative and qualitative developments.
- The first independent budget for the Saudi Post was announced in 1392 e, after the formation of the general directorate of post.
- The Ministry of Post, Telegraph and Telephone was established by the Royal Order No 236/O in 8/10/1395 e.
- Express Mail Service (EMS) was launched in 8/10/1404 e.
Among the developments witnessed by Saudi Arabia, the Saudi Council of Ministers issued a decision on 29/3/1423H (10/6/2002) transferring the General Directorate of Post into a public corporation operating within the philosophy of the private sector. At the beginning of 1426 e, a number of steps were taken at Saudi Postal Corporation (SPC) such as establishing new departments, launching new services and announcing the new project of providing postal addresses and post delivery to business and residential areas.